Stop the burning process: Remove person from the source of the burn if it is safe to do so.
Electrical injury sources should be isolated before rescue.
Care should be taken to avoid cross-contamination from chemical injury sources.
Burning clothing should be extinguished using water or the ‘drop and roll’ method.
Cool the Burn:
Cool the burn immediately with running tap water for 20 minutes.
Cooling is beneficial for up to three hours after injury, and should still be performed, even if there is a delay in accessing a method of cooling.
Keep the patient, especially children, as warm as possible during cooling: ‘cool the burn but warm the patient’.
Clothing and jewellery: Clothing and jewellery should be removed immediately.
Clothing or jewellery that is melted or firmly adherent to the wound should be left
undisturbed, but this should not deter from cooling the burn wound.
Covering the wound:
Cover the cooled burn with cling film, or where this is not available, a clean cloth or non-adherent dressing.
Cling film should be applied loosely, and not on the face.
Burn gel wraps may be used to provide analgesia, but only after adequate cooling has occurred as they do not actively remove heat from the wound.
Extract fromBritish Burn Association First Aid Position Statement Compiled by: Alice Varley, Julia Sarginson and Amber Young, July 2014, revision by Ken Dunn, August 2015
There is variation in the information found on the internet for the first aid treatment of burns and scalds. The British Burn Association (BBA) is a non-profit making organisation whose membership is made up of those who have dedicated their lives to delivering the best treatment and rehabilitation following a burn injury. The BBA’s First Aid Position statement is one we trust and have listed the steps for First aid treatment of burns above for your information. The full statement can be found here